About Autocar

All about Autocar


At Autocar®, building trucks and designing the best tools in the industry isn’t just what we do – it’s our way of life. We could say a lot of fancy things about our research and technology. We could talk about our experience. We could tell you about our customer service. It’s probably what you’re expecting – but you’ll find all that on our other pages. We’re not here to rest on our laurels. To truly understand Autocar, all you need to know is that we’re 100% niche application-focused because we know you are, too.

Our Promise
  • Provide products that deliver the best value.
  • Provide the best service.
  • Provide a complete solution for our customers’ needs.
  • Do the work right the first time.
  • Act proactively, timely, and with simplicity.
Always Up ®

“Always Up®” isn’t just some fancy promise – it’s a state of mind. It’s what you want. It’s what we live. Who’s up first in the mornings? The sun. The early birds. The hardest workers. And the hardest working trucks.

Always Up® refers to:

  • How hard your truck runs – These trucks are built for severe conditions and spec’d for your application and climate. Go ahead – try to out-perform this truck.
  • How hard you work – A lot of us started our first jobs on the back of a truck. We know what it’s like and we know what you need out of a truck.
  • Our customer service – Uptime is a big deal for us. That’s why we want you to contact us first when you need help. Our web-service for logging issues or getting info is available 24/7.
  • Our support for you – We don’t stop working for you after your truck rolls off the factory floor. We’re a constant resource for the life of the truck.

“Always Up®” is a mutual goal. You want a tool you can rely on and we work tirelessly to make sure it’s there for you.

A Rich History Of Autocar Trucks

Industry Pioneers

1897 – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Autocar’s history began in 1897, when Louis Semple Clarke built “Autocar No. 1”, a tricycle powered by a one-cylinder gasoline engine, now in the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. Later that year, “LS”, as he was known, founded the Pittsburgh Motor Vehicle Company, supported by his two brothers, their father, and a friend, William Morgan.

Autocar No. 2, a four-wheeled runabout car they called “The Pittsburgher”, was built in 1898 and is now in the Henry Ford Museum. In 1899 they moved the company to Ardmore, Pennsylvania and renamed their business the Autocar Company.

Clarke and his partners knew they were at the beginning of something big. But even they couldn’t have known how their innovations would go on to shape all modern American cars and trucks, and how the motor vehicle industry would change the course of American history.

Autocar thrived and, over a century later, is proud to be the oldest surviving vehicle nameplate in the United States.

America’s First Truck

1899 – Ardmore, Pennsylvania

Autocar was at the heart of an industrial revolution when it built the first motor truck commercially available in the United States in 1899. The Autocar delivery wagon boasted a payload capacity of 700 pounds and optional 5 or 8 horsepower motors. The “engine-under-the-seat” design maximized area for freight and was the precursor of Autocar’s Cab-Over-Engine design used on every Autocar today.

The first Autocar truck was also “purpose-built,” in this case, to carry and deliver packages. Its design was declared to be so simple to use that any driver “can operate it with more safety than he could drive a horse”.

Growth & Innovation

1907 – Ardmore, Pennsylvania

By 1907, Autocar had 1,000 workers on two shifts striving to keep up with demand for its automobiles and trucks. Autocar’s focus on engineering in the early days of the motor vehicle industry led to many breakthrough inventions that have become standard in the trucks and cars we still use today:

  • The first left-side drive vehicle, when center-drive was common;
  • The first American shaft-driven vehicle, replacing chain-drive;
  • The first double reduction rear axle, for smoother power transmission;
  • The first porcelain-insulated spark plug, later sold to AC Champion;
  • The first circulating oil system

In 1911 Autocar decided to focus its efforts on trucks and produced its last motor car. Ever since then Autocar has custom-engineered trucks to provide purpose-built tools for the most demanding commercial and municipal customers.

Severe-Duty Dominance

1920s – Ardmore, Pennsylvania

In 1920 the famous Autocar bowtie emblem appeared for the first time. By 1921, Autocar offered three models with capacities ranging from 1-1/2 to 6 tons, a variety of wheel bases, and both conventional and engine-under-the-seat designs. In the late 1920s the company’s 2,600 employees focused on severe-duty vocational and hauling markets with ever-larger conventional models and many new product features such as the “Blue Streak” 6-cylinder engine, proprietary axles and 12-speed transmissions, enclosed cabs, and a four-wheel drive system.

In 1933 Autocar launched the Model U, bringing back the “engine-under-the-seat” format that evolved into today’s Cab-Over-Engine. Fully seven feet shorter than conventional models and fitted with purpose-built doors and special hinges, the Autocar UDNF was chosen by the Washington, D.C. City Refuse Dept. for their refuse hauling routes.

V for Victory

1940s – Ardmore, Pennsylvania

Autocar supplied over 37,000 armored half-trucks, all-wheel-drive prime movers, and standard production models, including the Model U, for the overseas war effort. The military was able to rely on these trucks for their simplicity in maintenance and their power over rugged terrain.

Efficiency was critical during the rationing years and Autocar sought to reduce customers’ operating costs. Autocar was an early adopter of diesel engines and offered the 672 cubic inch, 150-horsepower Cummins Diesel HB-600 in 1940. Not only were Autocar’s diesel trucks more cost-effective to fuel than gasoline-powered models, they also hauled heavier loads.

A letter to Autocar from General Dwight Eisenhower praised the company’s efforts, saying “It was the job of motor transport to deliver the goods, and American wheels and axels never let us down”.


1950s – Exton, Pennsylvania

The all-metal Autocar Driver Cab was launched in 1950, bringing a new era of innovations designed to improve operators’ comfort and productivity. After growing the Autocar company-owned dealer network to over 100 locations, Autocar was acquired by the White Motor Company in 1953. In 1954 production was moved to a new factory in Exton, Pennsylvania.

Autocar became known for “Custom Engineering,” designing each truck to the end-user’s specifications – a tradition that’s carried on to today. Autocar offered White’s Mustang engine, along with Cummins and Detroit Diesel engines, some turbo-charged up to 600 horsepower.

In 1957 Autocar introduced the AP series for extreme-duty on- and off-road construction, mining, logging and oil field applications. The Autocar AP40, with a 40-ton capacity, was the largest single-engine vehicle in the world. At the same time, Autocar’s A Model focused on weight reduction with aluminum frames and cabs.

Rugged Engineering

1960s – Exton, Pennsylvania

The 1960s and 1970s saw Autocar custom-engineer some of the biggest, baddest trucks ever put to work in the dirtiest, toughest, most rugged vocations imaginable. A brochure read: “Everything about the Autocar is tough. And everything about the Autocar is geared to unusually harsh, even hazardous conditions”.

Among the unique models produced during this period were a 900,000 lb. GCW Autocar AP19T with a V-12 Cummins diesel engine, a 30,000 lb. tubular front axle and 200,000 lb. tandem rear axles. The Autocar CK64 Half Cabs were used to carry concrete mixers, stone blocks and a 35-foot boom, and other construction-related applications. The current Autocar ACTTs share the DNA of those custom-engineered Autocar CK Half Cab vehicles.

Volvo White

1980s – Ogden, Utah

Autocar’s production facilities moved cross-country to Ogden, Utah in 1980. Shortly after, in 1981, the Swedish company AB Volvo acquired White Motor Company’s assets, including the Autocar brand name. The Volvo White Truck Corporation was formed and Autocar continued to produce custom designed severe-service trucks.

1986 brought more changes as Volvo White acquired the heavy-truck business from General Motors and became Volvo GM Heavy Truck Corporation. The last Autocar built with the legendary Autocar Driver Cab, first launched back in 1950, rolled off the line in December, 1987.

In 1988, Autocar trucks sported the iconic Autocar bowtie on the side of the hood and a White GMC logo on the grille, but the bowtie later returned to the top of the radiator. Autocar’s 100th Anniversary was celebrated in 1997 but in October, 2000, Volvo produced its last Autocar.

A New Beginning

2001 – Hagerstown, Indiana

In 2001, GVW Group LLC purchased Autocar and the Xpeditor truck model from Volvo Trucks North America and formed Autocar, LLC. Autocar went back to its roots to purpose-build the highest-performing severe-service trucks in the world. Located in Hagerstown, Indiana since 2003, Autocar once more earned a commanding position in the refuse market it pioneered with its revolutionary Model U in 1933.

Autocar also custom-engineered the Xpeditor for a growing range of vocational trucks in demanding applications, including mobile cranes, concrete pumpers, paint stripers, and gravel conveyors.

Innovation & Expansion

2008 – Hagerstown, Indiana

In 2008, the company introduced the Autocar ACX low cabover (under the Xpeditor model name). The Autocar ACX brought many firsts to the market, including a spacious and ergonomically-designed cab, B-pillar corner rear windows, and integrated body controls.

The Autocar ACTT exploded onto the market for terminal tractors, where there was a desperate need for custom spec. builds for highly productive Class 8 trucks that can withstand severe-duty cycles – everything Autocar does best.

In 2012, the Autocar ACMD, America’s only medium-duty Cab-Over-Engine truck, was designed by special request from several companies hungry for a non-imported Class 7 vocational truck.

The Green Leader

Today – Hagerstown, Indiana

60% of all new Autocars are now equipped with clean-burning CNG – compressed natural gas. With over 4,000 clean vehicles on the road, more than all its competitors combined, Autocar is now known as The Green Leader.

Always with a keen eye on the future and a step ahead of the competition, Autocar released its Autocar® E3™ hybrid drive for the Autocar ACX, which dramatically reduces fuel consumption in frequent start-and-stop applications.

Delivering on its promise to continue improving severe-service trucks and offer an unmatched range of safety, convenience, and ease-of-maintenance features, Autocar continues to develop and grow. When you see an Autocar on the road, be sure to catch the iconic Autocar bowtie logo still proudly displayed on the grille of every Autocar truck.
Change is in the air and once again Autocar is leading the way – this time with CNG and hybrid trucks. Each Autocar CNG truck, like this Muncie, Indiana ACX, reduces CO2 emissions equal to planting 670 trees.

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